Category Archives: the class

King of Kings

This will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.

Luke 2:12 NASU

The political climate at the birth of Christ was more volatile than we know it today in America. If someone wanted to make an accurate movie about the times Christ was born in, it would be a fascinating movie full of war, espionage, national and personal struggle. Rome was the terrible beast of Daniel’s vision, and had devoured most of Europe into the Middle East. The Jews left in Judea were under the rule of Roman governors whose primary aim was to keep the captive nations in relative peaceful submission.

Just before Christ’s birth were the days of Julius Caesar. The Roman Empire was being ruled by a triumvirate of Caesar, Pompey and Crassus, until Julius Caesar’s adopted son/nephew Caesar Augustus became the emperor of Rome in 27 B.C. Julius Caesar, Pompey and Crassus had been busy extending the Roman Empire and conquering more kingdoms, nations and lands, so that by the time Julius Caesar was killed and Caesar Augustus inherited the rule, the Roman Empire was a prolific world power. Their subjugated territories generally loathed their very oppressive rule, and the land of Judea was no exception.

What’s suspiciously missing in most accounts of this world history is the equally powerful Parthian Kingdom. In fact, from (about) 64 B.C. to 225 A.D., Parthia and Rome were considered co-equal world powers. (Think world superpowers akin to USSR/USA.) This matters to the Christmas story, and it matters in history. It’s important we grasp the dynamics of this to some extent, but it’s hard to find an accurate expounding of it.

Rome’s aggressive kingdom’s eastern boundary vacillated along the Euphrates River, with Armenia being a hot spot of contention for dominion. I’m going to expound on this a little because it’s quite important. The Scythian Kingdom was north of the Parthian Kingdom, above the Black and Caspian Seas. Parthia was akin to the ancient Persia Empire in geography, and in its early days was in the Persian Empire. Rome had moved across Europe and northern Africa and had taken dominion through the Middle East up to about the Euphrates River, and was constantly trying to subjugate Armenia.

Because Rome was the terrible beast of Daniel’s vision, you have to envision a formidable adversarial empire bent on conquest. They had brutally overthrown Carthage in the famous Punic Wars and expanded across north Africa, through Egypt and into the Middle East. They were still trying to expand east beyond Judea into what was Parthian territory.

Israel had fallen to Assyria in stages, with their capital Samaria falling in 721 B.C. This is really important and most of what I’ve observed in western Christianity doesn’t get this right. Israel and Judah were two different countries since the days of King Rehoboam, Solomon’s son. They never merged again, and the northern kingdom of Israel was ten tribes, while the southern kingdom of Judah was two. Israel fell to Assyria in 721 B.C., and while the Assyrian king took Israelites into captivity, it was in no way the entire nation of Israelites.

In fact, there were waves of captivity along with waves of mass emigration. In 745 B.C. Israelites were carried into captivity, and then five years later Tiglath-pileser, the Assyrian King, invaded Israel and took captive three and a half tribes: Naphtali, Reuben, Gad and the ½ tribe of Manasseh. [See 2 Kings 15:29; 1 Chron 5:26] At this time scores of Israelites could see the writing on the wall and fled Israel over the next decade. Spain, Iberia and the Black Sea region were territories the Israelites resettled. The Israelites who migrated to the Black Sea region were known as Scythians. This is such a big deal, so big that I want to sidebar on it…

The Scythians derive their name from “Sacae” or “Saka”, which in Hebrew terms refers to the ancestor Isaac. [Hebrew drops the vowels, and variances are run accordingly. For example: iSaaC becomes variances of S-C with any combination of vowels inserted. Hence, the SaCae named themselves according to their ancestor patriarch Isaac. The Persians called the Scythian tribes the “Sacae”. The Encyclopedia Britannica called the Saka and Scyths “synonymous”.] This is equally a big deal when you realize that Latin writers (think Rome again) use “x” for “c”. So Rome referred to the Scythians as “Saxoi” or “Saxones”, from where we get “Anglo-Saxon”. The reason this is such a big deal is part of the scattered Israelite tribes can be traced quite easily to the Scythians/Saxons.

More sidebar: When Paul wrote in Colossians 3:11, “Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free, but Christ is all, and in all.” He is writing contrasts, opposites. And he places Scythians opposite of Barbarians. “Barbarian” literally means foreigner or alien, which clearly implies Scythians were NOT foreigners. They were in fact, fellow Israelites.

We discover that roughly 27,000 Israelites were taken captive when Samaria fell in 721 B.C. [2 Kings 17:6] One-third of Israel were taken captive thirteen years earlier in 734 B.C. That roughly leaves about two-thirds of the Israelites as migrants, or refugees to other lands.

End sidebar.

The reason this migration of Israelites is so important is because we need to realize they didn’t die and they weren’t in Judea; they simply moved and renamed themselves. Scythia and Parthia were neighbors sharing a north/south border.   The Jews in Judea in the days of Christ’s birth in Bethlehem were Jews of the tribe of Judah.

Parthia was established in 521 B.C., about 200 years after the fall of Israel and Samaria. It was a 500 year kingdom under ONE dynasty: Arsacid. They were known to be of common origin with the Scythians and were subjects to King Darius under Medo-Persia until they revolted and placed themselves under Scythian protection for a period of time.

I need you to connect the dots to really gain understanding here. If they were common origin with the Scythians, they were most likely in part or whole Israelites. The indicators of this are many. Arsaces was the first king of Parthia, and from where they get the Arsacid dynasty name. The Parthians used an Aramaic title for king, known as MLKYN, which literally means “king of kings”. It is derived from the Hebrew word for king used 2500 times in the Bible: MLK.

Parthia was ruled by what was called a “Council of Parthians” which consisted of two primary groups: Kinsmen and Wise Men. The Kinsmen were the royal house of the royal Arsacid male bloodline, while the Wise Men consisted of the Senate (secular leaders) and the Magi (priests). The Wise Men and Magi were known jointly as Megistanes.

Kings were elected by a concurrent vote of the two houses. The Parthian empire was based on a feudal system that foreshadowed medieval Europe’s feudal system. Parthian rulers were well-educated and multi-lingual. The Magi (priests) numbered upwards of 80,000 and were considered a hierarchy of priests descended from ancient times.

I’m going to skip a lot of history here and nutshell that Parthia was under Greek’s rule during the days of Alexander the Great, but revolted and declared their independence in 256 B.C. Parthia actually won their independence in 237 B.C. and shortly thereafter eastern Scythians merged into Parthia.

There were a series of famous Parthian kings from the line of Phraates and a long line of battles for territory and sovereignty over the next several decades, which eventually culminated in a series of battles with Rome. I’m going to go over some of the history of this because it is so very important, and try to stay with me, even if it seems irrelevant. As I continue, keep in mind that one of the primary roles of the Wise Men and Magi is the anointing, placement and deposing of the kings.

The Parthians suffered loss by the Seleucids in 129 B.C., which is the time of the Maccabees. This is significant because the Maccabees gained independence in Judea for a short-lived time here.

A curious thing happened in 62 B.C. when Pompey made a promise to Parthia for territories in exchange for support in their war against Armenia. After the war, Pompey reneged his promise to Parthia and Rome grievously insulted Parthia by not calling the Parthian King Phraates III by his title, “king of kings”. From that point on, Rome and Parthia were adversaries and the Euphrates River became the recognized border between their empires. Note that this is about sixty years before Christ’s birth.

Crassus attacked Parthia in 53 B.C. and Rome suffered severe losses. Parthia retaliated three years later by attacking Rome’s eastern provinces. A series of battles form 40-37 B.C. caused Parthia to capture Judea and push Rome out of Asia Minor. Phraates IV captured 35,000 Roman soldiers. The Jews asserted their independence from Rome in this time and placed a Jewish prince, Antigomus, to rule Palestine as a Parthian satrap. (They would have been under Parthian rule at this time.) Note how close we are to Christ’s entrance.

In 37 B.C. Rome counterattacked and regained their territories. Mark Antony had the Jewish Vassal King Antigomus beheaded and King Herod replaced him. Now the dots should be connected. It was in this year, 37 B.C., that Mark Antony (yes, famous with Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt) invaded Parthia with 16 legion and 113,000 man army to try to recover the seven legions of soldiers captured under Crassus. Parthia dominated this battle. Rome lost 10,000 men and retreated in winter through Armenia. Rome recaptured the land west of the Euphrates at this time, and a sort of treaty was reached agreeing to a co-existence on their respective sides of the Euphrates. Rome had yet to win a significant battle against Parthia and Caesar ordered peace with Parthia at all costs.

I’m not going to join the ranks to declare exactly when Christ was born, as there seems to be credible evidence for a few different dates. However, we do know Herod the Great was the Roman King at the time of Christ’s birth. Now see what happens…

Matt 2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,

Remember that Wise Men was the proper title of Parthian Megistanes. The Greek word translated “wise men” is “magian”, which literally means “Persian astronomer or priest”. Parthia governed Persia at the time, so the wise men were Parthian nobles &/or priests.

Parthian Megistanes did not travel lightly. They would have traveled with an entourage of servants, family, animal handlers, etc. under a military company of troops. Because they were traveling with so much wealth, they would have had an impressive infantry around them. Josephus and other historians record such caravans into the tens of thousands. At the very least it would have been a company of a couple thousand, but more likely 20,000 or more.

Matt 2:2 Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.”

The Parthians were Scythians (who were part of the scattered tribes of Israelites). Therefore the Parthians were Israelites. The Magi were the priests of Parthia (who were of a hierarchy of priests who descended from ancient times). The Magi were none other than the Levitical priests! The Magi were responsible for keeping the line of the kings of Israel. The Magi (Persian priest) were responsible for following the kingly bloodline. While their first inclination would be the kingly bloodline in Parthia (the Arsacid dynasty), they would equally be familiar and aware of the bloodline of Judah, as David’s royal bloodline is heir to the throne over all Israel, and is the bloodline the Messiah was prophesied to come.

The bloodline of Judah resided in Judea, while the scattered tribes of Israel were in various places. Ample research indicates the Scythians/Parthians were predominantly of the tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim*, of whom the priestly tribe of the Levites would be interspersed within. Their ancient knowledge and traditions would 1) know the prophecies and 2) would know the timing of Daniel’s prophecy and 3) would know how to watch and interpret the signs.

It was no small feat for the multi-thousand ensemble of priests, royalty, military and servants to pack up and travel to Judea! What would make foreigners even care about someone born in another country?? They wouldn’t! Unless it mattered to them personally! And of course the Israelites would care a great deal about fulfilled prophecy and the “King of the Jews”. They would risk national security to acknowledge the birth of the long-awaited “King”. They would bring gifts of frankincense (anointing oil), gold (royal treasuries), and myrrh (embalming oil, prophetic) because it would be entirely appropriate and fitting for the Megistanes to anoint and acknowledge the birth of the King.

Matt 2:3 When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

Jerusalem is a trading city that would receive caravans regularly. Three travelers would not have caused the alarm of the entire city. But a massive military escort from their enemies under a peace treaty entering their territory inquiring of a King would greatly alarm both Herod and the city. Recall their peace treaty that neither empire would cross the Euphrates River, and now a military escort in the tens of thousands had entered town. Thirty years ago the Parthians had crossed the Euphrates and taken back Judea. To squash the revolution Mark Antony had the Jewish vassal king beheaded. This would have been in the forefront of Herod and Jerusalem’s thinking. Surely they were trembling at the fear of war!

The Parthian Megistanes had an immediate audience with King Herod and an inquiry was made. Herod feigned compliance, but it was probably more because he didn’t have the troops to defend should the Parthians have an aggressive intent. [He would have less troops because they were under a peace treaty.]

Herod conferred with Jewish hierarchy about their prophecies to ascertain Bethlehem from Micah 5:2. (Why would Persian priests care about Israeli prophecies??) The Jews and wise men would have been familiar with Daniel’s prophecy (9:25-26) and known the timing was upon them for the Messiah…

So this Christmas season marvel at the pinnacle of history in the birth of Christ! It is a story unparalleled in all of time! The Scriptures should come alive as we envision the Parthian Magi traveling with their tens of thousands to worship the newborn king! Marvel at the revelation of His Name, (which we now understand is the title of the Parthian kings):

And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses.   From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”

Revelation 19:11-16 (NASU)


*For a way better explanation and to increase your knowledge, consider reading Steven Collins’ thoroughly researched book Parthia, or especially his whole book series on the Lost Tribes of Israel. You can find them here:



Why I don’t believe in a future seven year tribulation

Regarding the “tribulation of the saints”…  First of all, burden of proof usually goes with the statement.  Where does a seven year tribulation come from?  What scripture is it based on and what understanding of that scripture?

There is no passage of scripture that speaks of a “seven year tribulation”, just like there is no passage in Revelation about an “antichrist”.  If this be true, which when I search the Scripture I find it true, then a seven year tribulation is a (false?) teaching derived from interpretation of a passage(s).  When I ask people what they base it on, I get a couple different answers, so if you’ll tell me what you’re basing a seven year tribulation on, I can answer it better that way and more specifically.

For now, here are some of my notes and my understanding of timelines and the tribulation.

First, when days and timing sequences are given in prophecy, we have to learn to ask who said it, to whom, and about what.  From that we’re able to discern how to interpret it correctly.  For example, the prophecies of Daniel are given by the prophet Daniel, at the time of Judah’s exile, to the Jewish people, about Jerusalem and the Jewish people.  From that we have guidelines for interpretation that look something like this:

  • The prophecies of Daniel concern the Jews. Why?  Because Daniel was a Jew living in exile, prophesying to the Jews.  This implies Daniel’s prophecy does not necessarily concern the whole world, in fact, probably does not concern the whole world.
    • This implies it deals directly with the people group of the Jews, which is the tribe of Judah, and the land of Jerusalem and perhaps the land around Jerusalem.
  • This also means the terms for days and years must be converted to a lunar calendar. If it happened in the Old Testament when the Israelites kept a lunar calendar, then the timetable has to be converted to a lunar calendar, as this is the language of the Jews in the day of this prophecy.
    • This further implies that prophecies given in the New Testament (e.g. Revelation) are based on a solar calendar, because at that time, that is the calendar those (e.g. John) giving the prophecy were living in. This also means that New Testament prophecies are written to the Church of Christ, His disciples and followers, (not necessarily the Jews, and probably not the Jews).
  • Please note: the book of Hosea is largely prophetic.  But Hosea was an Israelite, living in exile and prophesying to the Israelites.  So Hosea’s prophecies have to be understood for the ten tribes of Israel that are not Judah/Jews.  Please recall that the Hebrew/Israel nation was split from the days of King Rehoboam and everything from that day on is separated:  some things to Israel (the northern kingdom), and some things to Judah (the southern kingdom).  While their plights may be similar, they are not the same.

With these basic guidelines in place, let’s look at a prominent prophecy of Daniel’s, the seventy weeks of chapter nine.  We’ll highlight Daniel 9:24-27 from the KJV.

24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

So in this prophecy given through the words of the angel messenger, Gabriel, Daniel is given a timetable of sorts with three breakdowns:  Seven Weeks, Sixty-Two Weeks and One Week.  [This One Week is where one of the “seven year tribulation” theories comes from.]

*Remember this:  this prophecy was given to the Jews (“thy people”) about Jerusalem (“thy holy city”).  Don’t forget this point!

There were six things Gabriel told Daniel were supposed to be accomplished in the 69 sevens (see verse 24):

  1. “finish transgression”
  2. “make an end of sin”
  3. “make reconciliation for iniquity”
  4. “bring in everlasting righteousness”
  5. “seal up vision and prophecy”
  6. “anoint the most holy”

The next thing we’re given is the markers for the timetable.  (see verses 25-26)  The count is to start from “the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem”.  According to Scripture, the decree to restore Jerusalem was given by Artaxerxes I to Nehemiah, and the years would have been 444-445 B.C.

To get the years and math correct, we have to convert to the lunar calendar, which means a lunar year is .9857 of a solar year.  (lunar year is 360 days, solar year is 365.24 days, with a  difference of .9857)

Gabriel said there would be seven weeks and threescore and two weeks, for a total of 69 weeks. (7 plus 62)  He made a separation of these weeks instead of just saying 69 weeks, so we’ll have to see what that means in a minute.  In the meantime, the math looks like this:  483 x .9857 = 476 (solar years).  If we break down the 7 weeks + 62 weeks, it breaks down to 48.3 years (for the seven weeks) and 427.7 years for the 62 weeks.

The math shows like this:

444 B.C. plus 476 (solar) years = 32 A.D.  the Cross of Christ

444 B.C. plus 48.3 years = 395.7 B.C.  the last book of the Old Testament, Malachi, was written in 396 B.C.

Now we have the first 69 weeks of Daniel’s prophecy accounted for, with the fulfillment of the prophecy happening through the sealing up of vision in prophecy after the first seven weeks with Malachi’s prophecy, and then the fulfillment of the other five points through the Cross of Christ.  We did this by applying the principle of a day equals a year.

The principle of using a day for a year is prevalent in Hebrew customs.  I won’t get into it here, but you can see it in Numbers 14:34, Ezekiel 4:5-6, Psalm 90:4, and 1 Peter 3:8.  Notable theologians have taught this for centuries (just not this modern century), such as Thieleman van Braght (1569) and the famous Matthew Henry.

Which brings us back to:

26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

Timeline is now 32 A.D. (by the math shown above).  At this time Messiah is indeed cut off when He is crucified.  Then “the people of the prince that shall come” refers us back to Daniel 7’s vision of the four beasts, and this refers to the fourth beast:  the dreadful and terrible beast.  Students of prophecy will know this is the Roman kingdom.  Indeed the Roman kingdom will “destroy the city and the sanctuary” (70 A.D.).

“The end thereof shall be with a flood” refers to a flood of people in the holy city that are not Jews or Israelites (historically accurate) and see Revelation 17:15.  Foreigners in Jerusalem is this reference.  The reference of wars and desolations (for Jerusalem) is accurate as well.

Which leads us to:

27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

This is where it gets a little tricky because there’s a word change that happens that doesn’t translate into the English correctly.  The Hebrew word for seven used for the 69 weeks is “shavuim”, while the word here in verse 27 for the seven (one week) is “shavua”.  Because they are different words, they should not be interpreted to mean the same thing.

[I didn’t figure this out, by the way.  I learned it from a very, very old man who has since passed away but taught it to me and countless others, Ellis Skolfield.]

Daniel was raised under the Levitical Code through the law of Moses, that depicts a numerical progression like this: one seven, multiple sevens, and then a unique seven called shavua, which is a Jubilee (shavua) year of 360 Sabbaths.  Ellis shows it like this:


1stOne Seven (a shavua) of years

2nd:  Seven sevens (shavua) of years

3rd:  One unique Jubilee (shavua) year with 360 Sabbaths


1st:  seven sevens of years, 7 Shavuim

2nd:  62 more sevens of years, 62 Shavuim

3rd:  one unique Shavua with 360 Sabbaths


I can already hear the critics!  It shouldn’t be this hard!  Except that the angel told Daniel in 12:9, “Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.”  The understanding of these prophecies has been sealed until the “time of the end”.  Which means at the time of the end, the understanding is unsealed.

The book of Daniel is written in Hebrew and Aramaic, and as I understand it even has some Chaldean phrases interjected.  Daniel’s “chapters” are out of chronological order.  Chronologically, chapter five was written between chapters eight and nine, and chapter six was written between chapters nine and ten.  Why?  Because it was written as a chiasm.  Its themes repeat and retell the same thing in different ways.

Daniel’s prophecy was written to the Jews about the Jews and Jerusalem.  It was written in the language and understanding of the Jews.  These concepts (chiastic structure and varying a word – shavua and shavuim) would not be complex to a Jew.  We just have to learn their language to understand it.  Ellis expounds this concept by teaching understanding from the writer’s point of view, not the reader’s!  (especially, I might add, something over 2500 years old)

So if we take the 360 Sabbaths of the shavua of Daniel 9:27 and multiply it by seven, we get 2520 prophetic years, which recalculates to 2484 solar years (2520 x .9857).  Now when we do the math for the “one week” of Daniel 9:27, we get the year 1948.  (536 B.C. + 2484 solar years)  Does it make sense now??  (Remember the prophecy was for the Jews about Jerusalem!)

So all of the things spoken of in Daniel 7:27 during the One Week are completed in 1948.  What happened in 1948?  The Jews returned to Israel.  Remember this prophecy is about the Jews and for the Jews!

Let’s look at the passage again:

27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

I’m going to quote Ellis’s interjections here to help break it down:

27 And he (a satanic prince) shall confirm the covenant with many (Jewish people) for one week:  (2520 prophetic, i.e. 2484 solar years) and in the midst of the week (the Jubilee week) he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, (by making the temple mount spiritually desolate) and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

To really help us understand what’s being spoken of here, look at the word abomination and desolation.  Abomination is “shiqqots” in Hebrew and desolation is “shamen” in Hebrew.  These are the same words spoken in Daniel 12:11 as the “abomination of desolation”.  What is the chance these are the same things being talked about?

Now consider that “in the midst of the week” means in the middle of this time span.  What would be the middle by our math calculations?  706 A.D. would be the year after the Dome of the Rock was built.  (Remember this for later.)  The prophecy says the temple mount will become spiritually desolate and full of abomination at the time of the middle of the One Week – 706 A.D.

Remember that this prophecy is to the Jews and about Jerusalem?  Doesn’t 1948 historically represent Jerusalem??

Pause…  Let’s visit Daniel 12 for a minute.  Daniel 12 actually starts at 10:1 with:  “In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.”

So we know that this vision was given in 533 B.C. because Daniel told us when he got it.  We also know that this revelation was true, but its fulfillment would be quite awhile, i.e.  “the thing was true, but the time appointed was long”.

The revelation ends with this key:

6 And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders?

7 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and swore by him that lives for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.

8 And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things?

9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.

10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.

11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.

12 Blessed is he that waits, and comes to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.

13 But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shall rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.

Let’s take the 1290 days of Daniel 12:11 and apply the same principles we did to Daniel 7.  To do that, we have to determine the year the sacrifices were abolished.  I’ll let you do your own research on that, but for simplicity now I’ll tell you that although Nebuchadnezzer destroyed the temple in 586 B.C., we know from Jeremiah (41:5) the Jews were still offering sacrifices after the temple was burned.  At the end of Jeremiah we read that the remaining Jews were carried away, and that would indicate the time the sacrifices ceased, which would be 583 B.C.

So if we do the math now, we’ll take 1290 lunar days and convert them to solar to get 1271.5 solar days, and then we’ll apply the days for years like this:  583 B.C. + 1271.5 days/years = 688 A.D.

Therefore, if we’ve done our math correctly and applied prophecy appropriately (to the Jews about Jerusalem), the abomination that causes desolation should have been set up in 688 A.D.  The short answer is that is when the Dome of the Rock was built in Jerusalem, on the Temple site.

[Abd el Malik ibn Marwan, Moselm Kalifah, built a memorial to Muhammad called the Dome of the Rock from 685-705 A.D.  You can look it up and get any number of dates in those years, but 688 is right in the  middle of that span and some sources cite it as the year it was started.]

So now we have the abomination of desolation prophesied and fulfilled with the Dome of the Rock in 688 B.C.  It’s spoken of in Daniel 7:27 in the middle of the “week”, and again in Daniel 12:11.  But to be sure, we can follow the next verse to its completion by doing the same math and applying the same principles.

12 Blessed is he that waits, and comes to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.

Before we get there, let’s remember Christ’s words in Matthew 24:15-22 (NASU):

15 “Therefore when you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), 16 then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.  17 “Whoever is on the housetop must not go down to get the things out that are in his house.  18 ” Whoever is in the field must not turn back to get his cloak.  19 “But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days!  20 “But pray that your flight will not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath.  21 “For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will.  22 “Unless those days had been cut short, no life would have been saved; but for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short. 

If we understand Daniel’s “abomination of desolation” correctly, it’s the construction of the Dome of the Rock on the temple site in Jerusalem.  Now don’t Christ’s words make more sense???  When the Jews and Christians see the Dome of the Rock being built, they need to flee!! Why?  Because a Moslem conquest was coming!  Christ is warning them to get out of town!  Flee for your very lives because war and desolations are coming!  Look at the history.  That is exactly what happened!  The Moslem caliphates began their conquest through the Middle East and marched right up to and through Europe.

Now go back to Daniel for a minute, and the “blessed is he who comes to the 1335th day”…

1335-1290 = 45 days

45 x .9857 = 44.3565

688 A.D. + 44.3565 = 732 A.D.

If we’ve applied everything correctly, something significant must have happened in 732 A.D.  Google “what happened in 732 A.D.?”  and you will get pages about the Battle of the Tours.  This is the Battle that ended the Moslem conquest across Europe.  Had this not been victorious by the infidels (France and the non-muslim people), Islam would have overcome Europe and so would have gone the world.

Now revisit Christ’s words with this history and perspective and see if they don’t make more sense.  When you see the Dome of the Rock being built, flee!!  Flee for your lives because war is on its heels!  Pray you aren’t pregnant or nursing!  Pray it’s not winter!  Pray it’s not on a Sabbath!  Flee!  And here’s where you have the “great tribulation” spoken of by none other than our Lord and Savior.  THIS tribulation, this war of Moslems against infidels will surpass all other historical tribulations and there will be none other like it.  (verse 21)  And then catch verse 22, “Unless those days had been cut short, no life would have been saved; but for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short.”  Not the hours in the day, but the number of days.  Otherwise the believers would have been slaughtered and the (still future) elect would not have been born.

Now look at that again beside Daniel 12:12:  “Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days.”

There is not a seven year tribulation.  The great tribulation of Christ’s own prophecy has come and gone, and it was the horrific Islamic conquest of the Middle East into Europe.  Yes, there are plenty of tribulations for God’s people since then and will continue until Christ’s return, but there is not an accelerated seven year tribulation with an antichrist yet to come.  That is a false teaching.



For those who took my class and/or are interested in all the covenants of the Scripture in one place, here is a 30-page word document with the Covenants altogether.  [Lesson Four in the class]


the dreams

In the first dream it was a Sunday morning and our family was in our living room.  My husband was telling me we should visit a church.  [in real life we had been out of a church home for 3+ years]  I was reluctant but submitted.  Then he decided we should go to the small town church I was baptized in when I was sixteen, in my childhood town [of which I do not visit or revisit, in fact, avoid].  I was uncomfortable, but still submitted.  The sanctuary was different in the dream than in real life.  In the dream it was U shaped with the pulpit in the center of the U and all of the chairs wrapped around its sides and front.  My husband and I did not sit together.  He was in a row facing the pulpit, while I was in a row with our children to the left of the pulpit.  My husband started talking aloud to the congregation and they were intently listening.  He was speaking to them about church and referenced me out loud, suggesting aloud that I share my thoughts and studies on the subject.  I was hugely uncomfortable and wasn’t even sure what he was wanting me to share.  He kept talking but looking over at me.  I then saw a note sheet of paper with my handwritten notes on “eklesia” on the paper, sitting on my lap.  I then realized what he wanted me to share.  He referenced me again to share.  I was extremely uncomfortable but I stood up and asked the crowd if they knew the original Greek word for what the translators now call “church”.  No one did.  I then explained it was “eklesia” and then asked if anyone knew the actual literal translation.  There were a few guesses like “fellowship” and “assembly”, so I explained that it literally translates “called out ones”.  The Board Chairman of the church when I was there was actually in the pulpit and he began praying.  His last name is Fischer.  In his prayers he said, “and thank you, Lord for bringing Michelle to us to teach us these things….”  I was startled, not thinking anyone knew or cared who I am.  I woke up, pondered it a moment, then fell back asleep and had the following dream…

Again, our family was at home and it was a Sunday morning.  It felt present day like it was really happening right then.  Only our home in the dream wasn’t our current residence.  It was a nice yet modest home on a hill on several acres.  I knew no one knew where we lived or how to get there.  I had the understanding in the dream that some friends of ours had been given a huge amount of land and they gave us a parcel of 5-10 acres out of it.  We had built this house on that parcel, and it was situated way out in the middle of nowhere, not on a main road, but on a hill with winding country roads for miles before getting there.  Our whole family of six plus a couple other of our boys were in the living room and we were having a grand time just talking and laughing, wrestling and telling stories.  It felt like it was around 11:30am or so because we realized the Chiefs game started soon and we hadn’t figured out lunch yet.  I must’ve heard something or maybe got up to go to the kitchen while we were throwing out lunch ideas.  One of the boys said, “we should get a pizza!”  The entire atmosphere was warm and fun and happy.

I walked into the kitchen which apparently housed the exterior door.  I was surprised to see our St. Bernard in protective mode outside of the door.  Behind our dog was a couple from a church that we worship at a couple times a month, but don’t belong to.  I only know them by face and first name, have never really talked with them.  I was extremely surprised because I knew no one knew where we lived and no one would know how to get to our home.  They were looking at me with imploring, almost apologetic eyes.  They said they had been looking for my house and would I show them around?  Would I show them where I sit to get my ideas and thoughts?  I was taken aback and somewhat bewildered.

I had come outside to greet them and we began walking the land we lived on.  We came upon a sitting area with a chair under a tree and some rock landscape.  The woman sat in the chair and asked, “is this where you think?  Is this where you get most of your ideas?”  As she’s asking, two people start walking up to where we are that I have never seen before.  I have the same startled reaction of who are they?  How did they find me?  What do they want?  They have the same look in their eyes and ask the exact same questions, will I show them where I think, where I sit, where I get my ideas?  We start walking more and come to another sitting area and the same scenario unfolds, with two more people coming up that I haven’t met asking the same questions, and I have the exact same startled reaction when I see them.  This seems to go on a dozen times with quite a group building and walking with us across our land.

At one juncture I came came upon a man leaning back in a chair with a cowboy hat and boots on, looked much like a farm hand.  He indicated he had come to inquire of my assistance for a court matter in which he was being sued by a man for fault of an accident and subsequent damages.  He pulled out a smart phone and began showing me and the group that was with me a video from the court hearing.  As I watched the testimonies and the evidence given, it seemed apparent to me that he was at fault in the accident, but I kept silent.  He must have perceived my doubt of his innocence and said that he had actual footage of the accident itself from a street camera. He pulled the film up on his phone and it showed him sitting at a stop sign at an intersection in an old VW van with a vanity plate on the front that read some sort of quip about “cowboys”.  The intersecting street had no stop lights or signs, and a four door sedan with a front license plate that read “CHEESE” was traveling down the road.  The cowboy in the VW van was fiddling with something in his vehicle and failed to pay attention as he pulled out and t-boned the oncoming sedan.  I didn’t actually say anything to this man but I didn’t think I could not and would not do anything for him because he was clearly in the wrong, even though it was just a mistake.

The dream went on with more and more people coming that I didn’t know asking me about where I got my thoughts and ideas and wandering our land, asking me to share with them.  Another group of people were asking me more pointed questions like about eschatology and specifics.  They almost apologetically said they knew I was busy with my commitments right now, but maybe when I was done could I teach them?  I instantly knew what “commitment” they were referring to, but to be clear I asked them what they were referring to.  They answered “NFL” and I knew it had to do with how I carve out time to watch NFL a lot during its season and pause on other commitments, taking the NFL season as a break.  We began talking about how I could teach.  I mentioned Randy had suggested we video me so people could access it when they want.  We also spoke of me just writing things down to read, and teaching lecture style.  This was the interaction going on when my phone rang and woke me up.

I prayed about these dreams for a few days, and asked an intercessor to pray for me about them, without telling her the actual dreams.  She got two scriptures to help me with the interpretation of the dreams.  2 Kings 11:4 is what she got for the first dream.  It reads:

Now in the 7th year Jehoida (the priest) sent and brought the captains of hundreds of the Carites and of the guard and brought them to him in the house of the Lord.  Then he made a covenant with them and put them under oath in the house of the Lord and showed them the king’s son (who had been hidden).

From this I understood the Lord was telling me it was time to come out of hiding and back into the house of the Lord (church); that I was to teach believers.  (something I have shied away from because of a long history of church abuses and relationship abuses in the church)

The second scripture she got was for the second dream.  It was Hebrews 2:4, which reads:

God also testified (bore witness) to it by signs, wonders and various miracles, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to His will.

When we prayed about how to understand that scripture in relation to the second dream, we understood God to say He would confirm this calling of mine to teach these people seeking truth and wisdom in the mysteries of God, that have been searching and looking for help with a sign or a wonder.  I understood Him to mean I have been tucked away in my home with my family and am perfectly happy in that condition, and I have not wanted anyone to know who or where I am, but there are people so hungry and are seeking.  When we asked what the sign or wonder would be, He showed us it was the cowboy’s accident.  One of my passions is NFL football.  That scene in the dream was an accident between two cars.  Cars represent ministries, occupations, or businesses.  The cowboy ran into the sedan with CHEESE on its plate.  Dallas Cowboys and Green Bay Packers.  We got that God was going to confirm to me that He was calling me to this by a Cowboys/Packers game in which the Cowboys were going to lose to the Packers on an error by the Cowboys.  I was dumbfounded.  I didn’t even know if the Cowboys and Packers were playing last season.  I jumped online and saw that the Cowboys and Packers were playing on December 15 at Dallas.  I told three or four other people and then waited…for two months.

Dallas had home field advantage, and the Packers were on a losing streak with star quarterback Aaron Rodgers out with a broken collarbone.  I was watching the Chiefs game and they highlighted the scores at halftime.  At halftime Dallas was up 26-3.  I looked to my friends and family around me and said, “well if my dream is right, Green Bay is going to come back and win by an error on Dallas’s part.”  You can read about the amazing comeback and win that made it the game of the week on many sports shows here:

Dallas quarterback Tony Romo threw an interception to Shields of Green Bay, breaking the way open for a Green Bay win.  My dream was from God, and He confirmed it with a sign or wonder two months before it was to happen, something I could never predict.  I didn’t even know they were playing and would have never bet on Green Bay with Rodgers out.

And that is pretty much the entire reason for this website and Eternal Issues classes and teachings.  May God receive all the glory and may His great Name be renown.


the origin

October 13, 2013 I woke up after having two vivid dreams.  I’ll post the dreams elsewhere, but after prayer and interpretation I understood the Lord to tell me to teach.  After a process of figuring out who, what, when and where to teach, I began classes to a handful of volunteers who graciously sat through nineteen classes over five months time, from March 2014-August 2014.
These classes centered around a timeline of sorts I had made a few years earlier when teaching high school youth, and that has evolved over the years to include more detail.  A video producer taped the sessions and is in the midst of editing them for publishing, probably via YouTube.  This website was given to me to try to get some of the thoughts and teachings online in written form.
We’ll post the timeline in a pdf format when we get it done.  Right now it’s on a four by twelve foot banner and handwritten.  I’ll get the hand-out notes posted as I figure the technology out.